广西快3

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大都会、赛努奇等西方博物馆是如何收藏中国艺术的(上)

雅昌艺术网专稿   2019年06月03日 11:57

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广西快3SHOUZANGYUDADOUHUIBOWUGUANDETANGDAIHANGANCHUANSHIMINGZUO《ZHAOYEBAITU》


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那些人 那些馆

广西快3MEIGUOBOWUGUANSHOUZANGZHONGHUAWENWUYISHUPINQIJINYIYOUYIGESHIJIDUODELISHI,SHOUZANGDEWENWUZHENPINZHONGLEI,BAOKUOGUDAIQINGTONGQI、YUQI、 DIAOSU、TAOCI、FANGZHIPIN、LIDAIZHIJINXIANDAISHUHUA、JIAJUJIJIANZHUDENGDENG。JINGUANZANGPINLAIYUANCUOZONGFUZA,DANYOUYIDESHISHIZHONGHUAWENHUAZAIMEIGUOBOWUGUANQUDEZHONGYAODEYIXIZHIDI。LUNTANXIANCHANG,MEIGUOJIUJINSHANYAZHOUYISHUBOWUGUANGUANZHANGXUJIEYI“ZHONGGUOYISHUZAIMEIGUOBOWUGUANDESHIJIHUIGU”WEIZHUTIDEYANJIANGGUANZHULEZHEIGEHUATI。

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广西快3DADOUHUIZHISUOYICHENGWEISHIJIEBOWUGUANZHONGYAZHOUYISHUSHOUZANGHEYANJIUDEJIAOJIAOZHE,HEYIGERENBUWUGUANXI——FANGWEN。

广西快3FANGWEN(1930-2018)


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出生于丹佛的史克曼在17岁时,在布朗王府酒店附近的画廊,偶遇了亚美尼亚古董商和亚洲艺术专家萨尔基相夫妇,对亚洲艺术早早产生了兴趣。作为西方研究中国艺术史的先驱,史克曼对日本和中国的艺术市场都很熟悉,他买入的那些最好的中国画,有很多都是来自于日本的;李雪曼作为美国海军军官,是日本古迹和艺术委员会的一员。后来还成为麦克阿瑟将军在艺术品收藏保护方面的顾问。克里夫兰收藏中国画起步颇早,始于弗利尔从自己的藏品中给予他们的几件。当李雪曼到此并担任亚洲艺术的研究员后,克里夫兰的中国画收藏可称蔚为壮观。

广西快3ZHENGSHIZHEIXIEDUIYAZHOU“QINGYOUDUZHONG”DEXUEZHE,YANJIUYUAN,SHOUZANGJIAMEN,BAOYIREQINGHEZHUANYEDETAIDU,JIANGYAZHOUYISHUMANMANKUOCHONGJINXIFANGBOWUGUAN,BINGCHENGTIXIDEJINXINGSHOUZANG、YANJIU。

广西快3DANGRAN,DUIYUXIFANGBOWUGUANYAZHOUYISHUSHOUZANGDEJIANLI,CHULELAIZIBOWUGUANZHUANYERENSHINULIDEJIEGUO,HAIGUIGONGYUDUIYAZHOUYISHUGANXINGQUDESHOUZANGJIAMEN。

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广西快31887NIANCHUSHENGYUMEIGUOYILINUOSIZHOUDITELVDEAIFULI·BULUNDAIQIBUJINSHI1952-1972QIJIANGUOJIAOWEIHUIDEZHUXI,GENGSHIYIWEIDUIZHONGGUOYISHUPINCHANSHENGNONGHOUXINGQUDESHOUZANGJIA。TASHOUZANGLEDALIANGYAZHOUYISHUPIN,BINGJUANZENGJILEMEIGUOJIUJINSHANSHI。1966NIAN,ZHENGFUZHUANMENXIUJIANLEYIZUOYISHUGUANJIAYISHOUZANG,ZHEIZHENGSHIMEIGUOJIUJINSHANYAZHOUYISHUBOWUGUAN。

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广西快3JIUJINSHANYAZHOUYISHUBOWUGUANWAIJING


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广西快3XUJIEJIESHAO,XIANGDUIERYANMEIGUODEDONGBU、ZHONGBUBIJIAOJIZHONG,XIBUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,NANBUZHONGYAODEZHONGGUOWENWUSHOUZANGZEGENGJIASHAO。“DONGHAIANCONGBEIWANGNAN,ZHONGYAOSHOUZANGZHONGGUOYISHUDEBOWUGUANZHUYAOBAOKUOBOSHIDUNYISHUBOWUGUAN,HAFODAXUEYISHUBOWUGUAN,NIUYUEDADOUHUIYISHUBOWUGUAN,NIUYUEYAZHOUXUEHUIMEISHUGUAN,PULINSIDUNDAXUEYISHUBOWUGUAN,FEICHENGYISHUBOWUGUAN,FEICHENGBINZHOUDAXUEKAOGURENLEIXUEBOWUGUAN,HUASHENGDUNFOLIER-BINGELEMEISHUGUAN;ZHONGBUZEBAOKUOZHIJIAGEYISHUBOWUGUAN,KELIFULANYISHUBOWUGUAN,KASASICHENGNAERXUNYISHUBOWUGUAN,MINGNIABULESIYISHUBOWUGUAN;MEIGUODEXIBUYOUXIYATUYISHUBOWUGUAN,JIUJINSHANYISHUBOWUGUAN,LUOSHANJIXIANLIBOWUGUAN。”


如何向西方观众讲述亚洲的故事?

LINSHITEZHANZUOWEIKUAGUOWENHUAJIAOLIUDETUIJIESHOUDUAN,YESHIYAZHOUYISHUZAIXIFANGDAKAIDEZHONGYAOTUJING。ZAIJIEHEGUANZHONGSHUXIDEYISHUMENLEIJIZHISHICHUBEI,SHENGHUOYUELIZHIXIAXUNZHAOGONGTONGDEYUYAN,KEYICHANSHENGGENGHAODEGONGMING。ZAITEZHANDEZHANLANMOSHISHANG,XUJIEZUOCHULEZONGJIE。“XIANG‘TONGLANSHI’DEZHANLANDEDAXINGBOWUGUANCAINENGZUODAO,DUISHIJIAN、KONGJIAN、MEIJIE、DIYUDEYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO,RU1983-1984NIANZAIMEIGUOXUNZHANDE《SHANGHAIBOWUGUANZHENPINZHAN:LIUQIANNIANDEZHONGGUOYISHU》,1996-1997NIANTAIBEIGUGONGDE《ZHONGHUAGUIBAO》,1998NIANGUGONGBOWUYUANZAIGUGENHAIMUBOWUGUANDE《ZHONGHUAWUQIANNIANWENMING》DENG。ZHEILEIZHANLANDENEIRONGBAOLUOWANXIANG,TONGPANXINGJIESHAODEXINGSHIDUIPUTONGGUANZHONGKEYIQIDAOPUJIYISHUDEZUOYONG;CIWAIHAIYOU‘DUANDAITONGLANSHI’MOSHI,YIZHUTIXINGWEIZHU,XIANGZHONGMEIJIANJIAOHOUZAI1980-1981NIANJUBANDE《WEIDADEZHONGGUOQINGTONGSHIDAI》。DANGSHIZHEICHANGXUNZHANSHISHANGBODEMACHENGYUANGUANZHANGHEFANGWENZUOWEIZHONG、MEISHUANGFANGDEZHUANJIAZUZUZHANG,BEIGELIZUOWEINIANQINGDEHAFOBIYEXIEDETULU;CIWAIHAIYOU‘ZHUANTISHI’DEZHANLANMOSHI,XIANG2000-2001NIANDE《DAOJIAOYUZHONGGUOYISHU》(ZHIJIAGEYISHUBOWUGUAN),2008-2009NIANDE《HUANGQUANYURONGYAO:ZHONGGUOMINGDAIGONGTINGYISHU》(JIUJINSHANYAZHOUYISHUBOWUGUAN),2011-2013NIANDE《FAJI:GUANYUANSHANZHUANGZHENZANGFASHUXUAN》(JIUJINSHANYAZHOUYISHUBOWUGUAN),2018NIAN《JIJINJIANGU:HUANGSHIYUWENRENDEQINGTONGQISHOUZANG》(ZHIJIAGEYISHUBOWUGUAN)DENG,ZHANLANKEYIYOUBIJIAODADEFAHUIKONGJIAN。”

1983-1984NIANZAIMEIGUOXUNZHANDE《SHANGHAIBOWUGUANZHENPINZHAN:LIUQIANNIANDEZHONGGUOYISHU》


CIWAI,XUJIEGUANCHADAO,JINSANSHINIANLAIMEIGUOBOWUGUANFENFENSHOUZANGQIZHONGGUODANGDAIYISHU,KEYIKANZUOSHIMEIGUOSHOUZANGZHONGGUOYISHUFANGMIANYOUWEIZHONGYAODEXINQIXIANG。CONGGUDAIYISHUDEMOSHILAIKAN,ZHONGGUODANGDAIYISHUZAIMEIGUODETUOZHANYUDISHIFEICHANGHONGDADE。“90NIANDAIYIQIAN,NAPASHIZHANGDAQIAN,ZAIXIFANGYISHUJIEHEBOWUGUANJIEYESHIJIJIWUMINGDE。SUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHAN,KEYIKANDAOYUELAIYUEDUODEDANGDAIYISHUJIAZAIGUOWAIJUBANZHANLAN。1998NIAN,ZAINIUYUEGUGENHAIMUBOWUGUANSUHEFENGUANJUXINGDEZHANLAN《WEIJIZHONGDEBAINIAN》SHIDUIJINXIANDAIZHONGGUOYISHUDESHOUCIXITONGTANSUO;1998-1999NIAN,SHENKUIYIJIAOSHOUHEFURENANYALANCEHUADE《SHIJIDEWENTI》DIYICIBAZHONGGUODEJINXIANDAIDAODANGNIANDEDANGDAIYISHUZUOLETONGPANHUIGU;YOUGAOMINGLUHEYAZHOUXIEHUIGONGTONGCEHUADE《Inside Out:ZHONGGUOXINYISHU》,BUGUANGYOUDALUDEYISHUJIACANYU,HAIBAOKUOGANGAOTAI;2013-2014NIAN,DADOUHUIBOWUGUANSHOUCIZAIZHONGGUOSHUHUAZHANTINGJUXINGLESHUIMOYISHUZHAN;2018-2019NIAN,GUGENHAIMUZUOLE《1989NIANYILAIDEYISHUYUZHONGGUO:SHIJIEJUCHANG》;CIWAI,YUELAIYUEDUODEYISHUJIAGEZHANZAIZHEILIZHANKAI,XIANGXUBING、CAIGUOQIANGDENG,ZHONGGUODANGDAIYISHUZAIXIFANG,YOUQIZAIMEIGUO,TUOZHANDEYUDIFEICHANGDA。”

“WOYUANLAISHICONGSHIKAOGUGONGZUODE,CONGMOUZHONGCENGMIANSHANGJIANG,SHIJIESHANGSHIMEIYOUGUDAIYISHUDE,SUOYOUDEYISHUDOUSHIDANGDAIYISHU。ZONGSHIYOUTAYUANYUANBUDUANDESHENGMINGLI,MEIYIDAIRENRUHEFAWEN,ZHAODAOXINDESHIYEHERENSHI,DUIGUDAIYISHUDEGANSHOUBENSHENJIUYINGGAISHIDANGDAIDE。DUIZHONGGUOYISHUDECHANSHUJIBENSHIZAIXIFANGYUJINGDESILUXIA,YIXIFANGYISHUFAZHANSHIWEIJIDIAN,DANERZHEDEZAITISHIBUTONGDE。ZHEIPISHISHIZAIZAIDEYISHUZHENPIN,DUIXINSHIDAIZHIXIAZHONGXINRENSHI,ZAIPINGDENGDEYUJINGXIADUIZHONGGUONAIZHIYAZHOUYISHUZUOYIGEZHONGXINDEMIAOSHUSHIDAYOUQIANLIDE。”XUJIEDUIYISHU“DANGDAIXING”DEKANFAHUOXUWEIXIFANGBOWUGUANGUANZHUYAZHOUYISHUTIGONGLEYIZHONGSHIJIAO。


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